Tekman, H. G. & Hortaçsu, N. (2002). Aspects of stylistic knowledge: What are different styles like and why do we listen to them? Psychology of Music, 30, 28-47.

Stylistic knowledge is one of many ways in which listeners may respond to musical styles. As a form of conceptual knowledge, stylistic knowledge has multiple facets. We examined stylistic knowledge of a college student population in Turkey by questioning them about how similar they thought different styles were, which descriptive qualities they associated with different styles of music, and for what reasons people would listen to different styles. We discovered that our respondents represented the similarity among musical styles in a systematic way that could be described by a small number of dimensions. There was also considerable consensus on how musical styles and reasons for listening to them could be described. Musical styles were described with reference to an evaluative, an activity, and a peacefulness dimension. Reasons for listening could be subsumed under four factors: background, movement, identity, and appreciation. Musical styles differed in how closely they were associated with these descriptive dimensions and reasons for listening. How the styles were perceived was also affected by the stylistic preferences of the respondents.